The Transylvanian Hound
The Transylvanian Hound, an extremely rare Hungarian hunter newly imported to the United States. Until recently these dogs were unknown outside Hungary.
This scent hound was bred in Hungary and used by royalty and nobility to hunt bear, stag, boar, wolf, and lynx. Sadly, after WWII, the Romanian government, perceiving these dogs to be a symbol of Hungarian occupation, sought to exterminate the breed through official orders. A few survived, and breeders have been carefully working to build up the breed while maintaining its high standards.
When the Magyars invaded the Carpathian Mountains (the mountains in the east of Czechoslovakia and northern Romania) of eastern Hungary in the ninth century, they brought hounds with them. A Magyar dog Cross-bred with an indigenous dog, further crossed with the Polish hound of east Europe, resulted in this breed, created for the unique climate and terrain of the Carpathians. They are willing to hunt in forests, mountains, rivers, and in all weathers. The Carpathians are heavily forested, so thick that by the time a young hunter on foot walked through the woods, he would be an old man. Therefore, the dogs of the area were strong, bred to go after game following mounted riders.
Heavy winter snows and sultry summers required hounds that were particularly adapted to extremes of climate. In the past, they were used extensively by Hungarian kings and princes for hunting wolf and bear in the mountains.
The Transylvanian is known for its keen sense of direction and orientation to the environment,vital in mountainous and forested cover. This is a dog without exaggeration, moderate in bone and head with tight skin and medium flat ear. Prized as an obedient, trainable, good-natured hound who is an easy keeper, he was never known outside Hungary. Recent reports indicate that the Transylvanian dogs face extinction with their numbers dangerously low.
The Transylvanian Hounds have two categories, Short and Tall.
Height: 18-22 inches
Coat: Short and coarse
Color: Red and tan, with brown nose; small amounts of white acceptable
Other Names: Erdelyi Kopo, Short Hungarian Hound.
The Short is used mainly on Fox and Hare.
Weight: 66-77 pounds
Height: 22-26 inches
Coat: Short and coarse
Color: Black and tan
Other names: Erdelyi Kopo, Tall Hungarian Hound
The Tall is used on Wolf, Bear, Stag, Lynx and Boar.
A fine example of a Erdelyi Kopo submitted by Dieu Donne Niesten of the Neterhelands.