Typical American Leopard Curs

Leopard curs treed on a fox

Breed information, submitted by:
Randy Oller A.L.C.B.A.
20147 Mowry Lane
Burney, CA 96013

The American Leopard Cur has been bred as an all-purpose tree dog. Opinions vary as to their exact origin, but they are an established breed and type today. Leopards are unique in the tree-dog world because of their extreme desire to please their master. No breed is more easily trained and broke to the variety of game preferred by the particular owner. They are not quite like any other breed of cur or hound. The average Leopard can handle a cold track as well as the coldest-nosed hound and yet be under the complete and immediate voice control of the handler. The A.L.C.B.A. Leopard is outstanding on big-game species like bear, cougar, and boar. They have been bred and used for all varieties of small game, especially for coons. They are open-trailers and have plenty of determination to stay with a tough track or the most savage of all game until bayed or treed. When the game is stopped they will stay put. The Leopard dog is unsurpassed in its ability to fight and hold game at bay without getting hurt. They stay in close on the quarry, but have the unique ability to "duck and dodge" and avoid injury.
The colors of the Leopards vary, but they are named for the merle color pattern (which is also called harlequin, calico, or leopard spotted). The pattern is actually a "splotching" factor not true "spotting". Leopards can be yellow (usually referred to as red), black, brindle, tan, mouse, and occur in any combination. All black Leopards have either tan or brindle trim. Some have blue or tan merle saddles with varying amounts of tan or brindle trim. Lighter and darker shades of all the colors are common, even in the same litter. The predominant color pattern is the merle, in various shades of bluish-ray or tan. Color is of little significance to the typical Leopard fancier. There is some disagreement as to how much white should be allowed. When any two merle dogs are mated there will be a chance of producing some pups which, genetically, will be double-merle. Double-merle dogs are often outstanding, but have a highly-increased chance of being deaf or blind or be hearing or sight-impaired. Double-merles also have varying amounts of white on them, which is actually an albino characteristic, which is undesireable, because of the aboue-mentioned problems. White on non-merle or other color patterns is considered a fault. It is always advisable to mate merles to "solid" colores, since this will eliminate all chance of producing double-merles. "Glass", blue, "white", or "yellow" eyes usually will accompany the merle phase. Darker-colored dogs rarely have anything but dark brown eyes.

Another Leopard

The size of males is 50-70 pounds and females weigh 45-65 pounds. They are generally of medium build and are cat-footed. The feet of Leopards are much tougher than those of most other breeds and generally do not get sore. Most have two coats of hair: an outer coat of longer sometimes coarser hair and a wooly and quite thick undercoat. which is smooth and soft in texture. Most have chop mouths, but many have turkey, yodel, squall, and occasionally bawl mouths.Nearly all Leopards can be heard considerably farther than other hunting breeds. So-called "cur" breeds are considered to have less mouth than hounds, but this is not true of Leopards. Although they don't sound loud, even when you stand right next to a "treed" Leopard, you can usually hear them considerably farther than the louder-mouthed hounds.
The Leopard is especially tough. They can hunt and run more without getting tired or foot-sore than other breeds. They are better-suited to extreme cold weather and yet can run hard in the hot weather as well. Leopards are very smart and pace themselves to get the job done without over-heating, etc. Leopards grow and develop differently than hounds and do not go thorough a "clumsy" stage. They do not ever appear "gawky" or out of proportion. They do not "grow to their feet" as hounds do.
The American Leopard Cur Breeders Association was founded in 1960, although efforts to establish and promote the breed had already been started by Leroy Smith (deceased) and J. Richard McDuffie of Aiken, South Carolina. Further information can be obtained by contacting our registration office or the Vice-President

ALCBA Registration Office, Inc.
Randy Oller
20147 Mowry Lane
Burney, California 96013