Information and photo supplied by James Mills
The German Jagdterrier (pronounced "Yack-terrier") was developed over eighty years ago in Germany by crossing the original Old English Fox Terrier and Black and Tan Hunting Terrier. These crossings, with years of selective, intensive, breeding, have produced the modern German Jagdterrier, a dog bred and used exclusively for hunting.
The German Jagdterrier is a comparatively small dog and thus ideal as a companion in the home or traveling in the automobile as well as hunting in the field. When fully grown, Jagdterriers have ideal working weights of from 18 to 20 pounds for the male and from 15 to 17 pounds for the female. The shoulder height should not exceed 16 inches (40.5 cm).
The Jagdterrier is usually black with tan markings. The body color is black, the tan is lustrous and well defined on feet, at breeching, on the side of the cheek, above the eyes, and on the inside of the ears, as in the Doberman. Other acceptable colors are variations of liver, tan, brown, red, or mouse grey. The standard also permits white on the toes and chest.
The coat as described in the standard is of the ordinary dense wire-haired type, on the thick tuft. It is not too short nor is it too smooth. This type of coast give the Jagdterrier need protection when hunting game in ground holes or in bush or thorn.
The Jagdterrier has the overall appearance of the terrier, being strongly of this type of dog in conformation. But the Jagdterrier is quite different from other terriers, in that it does not have the straight leg nor the high, straight tail carriage of the other breeds. Germans often compare the appearance of the Jagdterrier to that of the German Drathaar of Poodle Pointer. It has the same trim lines of these larger hunting dogs. The Jagdterrier can be looked upon as a revival of the old original terrier-whose lines were smooth, flowing and rugged. The standard emphasizes graceful lines, like those of the larger hunting breeds.
Though the Jagdterrier is mainly a hunting dog, many have found him to be a real pal in the home. His size permits keeping him in the city, which is of course a necessity to some. He is a very active dog however, and therefore needs a good deal of exercise. This can be of benefit to the owner as well, in that it encourages him, with his Jagdterrier, to enjoy the healthfulness and recreational activities of the great outdoors in all seasons.
The hardy Jagdterrier mistruts strangers, and he is the first to warn of the approach of such. If the need should arise he is the first to protect his family, risking his life if necessary. As spanky as he is in the field though, he is a devoted house pet-a protective and loving pet for the child as well as family. He is eager and quick to please, and obedient when he is made to understand. He is quick-witted, and adapts readily to new conditions.
Because of his fearless attacks, speed of action and keen nose, he is very successful in hunting black bear, grizzly, cougar, bobcat, lynx, fox and raccoon. A dog employed in hunting these animals must be able to withstand long and tough fighting; this kind of stamina has been bred into the Jagdterrier. Such prey often sends larger dogs retreating in fear, but the small fast Jagdterrier can out maneuver, for instance, even bears at close range and at all angles. Treeing bear, cougar, lynx, or bobcat when hunting with a pack-two dogs and up- does not present the hunter with the problems one often encounters with big hounds. The keen nose and eagerness to hunt make dogs of the breed, even with little training, good bloodhounds. Many are able, after some experience, to work out 48 hour-old blood trails.
If the Jagdterriers is used to flush small game, some training is needed so that the dog doesn't hunt too far. This is especially true when he is used to tree bear, cougar, etc. However once he knows how to hunt under the gun, one can be positive no game will lef5t in a stand-no matter how thick or thorny it may be.
In Europe the Jagdterrier is used also as a retriever. He does not retrieve by instinct or breeding though, as for instance do many Labs or Shorthaired Pointers. But again, with some lessons on the subject, the Jagdterrier will fetch game up to mallard size from land or from water.
To purchase a Jagdterrier just to be enjoyed as a pet would be to defeat his true purpose, as he must have an outlet for his energies and abilities. He is not only bred to hunt; he loves to hunt, and if used only as a pet his true natural way is thwarted.
Through the conscientious efforts of breeders in this county, we shall be able to maintain the German Jagdterrier as the proud superb animal already so distinguished in hunting circles of Europe.