English Coonhound


Official U.K.C. Breed Standard
Scenthounds Group
Revised January 1, 1989
©1986 United Kennel Club, Inc.


This standard has been framed for two real purposes:-first, to act as a guide for the Judges at Bench shows;-Second, to furnish suggestions for breeders in their aims toward improving the breed to higher ideals in their breeding
HISTORY
A person could almost say that the history of the English Coonhound is the history of all coohounds-and he wouldn't be too far wrong. With the exception of the Plott Hound, all the U.K.C. breeds of coonhounds have a common ancestry that is deeply rooted in the English Foxhound. The English was first registered by U.K.C. in 1905 under the name of English fox & Coonhound. In those days the dogs were used much more on fox that they are today. The name also reflected the similarity that the breed had to the American Foxhound and the English foxhound. The variation in color brings us to another aspect of the English Coonhound history. Both the Treeing Walker and the Bluetick Coonhound were originally registered with U.K.C. as English. The Walker was recognized as a separate breed in 1945, and the Bluetick a year later. To this day there are still tri-colored and blueticked English hounds, though redticked dogs predominate. The first mention we have of hounds in America appears in the diary of one of the men of the explorer DeSoto. He also mentions that the hounds were used for the hunting of Indians rather than fox, raccon or rabbit. In 1650 the Englishman robert Brooke brought his pack of hounds with him. Thomas Walker of Viginia imported hounds from England in 1742; and in 1770 George Washington, an avid fox hunter, had hounds imported from England. These dogs were the foundation of the "Virginia Hounds", from which our present day English Coonhound developed. It was, however, for the Americans to adapt these animals to the much rougher American terrain and climate. And it was the Americans that, through careful breeding practices, adapted the hound to American game, the raccon, opossum, cougar and various species of bear. English hounds have excelled in both performance and conformation. The first major coonhound Field Trial of all time, the first Leafy Oak, was won by an English dog called "Bones", owned by Colonel Leon Robinson.
VOICE
A good hound bawl.

HEAD,SKULL & NECK
MUZZLE-Good length, square, stop nearly medium. Flews enough to look square.
SKULL-Very slightly domed.
EYES-Eyes wide apart, dark. Never pig-eyed or drooping.
NOSE-Large open nostrils.
EARS-Ears hung a little low, fine texture and soft feel. Reach nearly to end of nose if drawn out. Not flat and stiff or half cocked.

FOREQUARTERS
Forelegs-Forelegs having good bones, straight, strong, set well apart.

BODY
Deep, broad chest; strong back, slightly arched. Not roached back. Thighs and shoulders up, and muscle strong. Good barrel, plenty of lung room. A strong, racy type body.

HINDQUARTERS
HIND LEGS-Stifles stout, well down. Hocks just a little bent. Hind legs, strong, showing drive, power push. Never cow-hocked.

FEET Feet, cats paw, strong arched over toes, pads deep, set directly under legs. The nails should be strong. Feet well-padded.

TAIL or STERN
Carriedgaily, set high, but not hooked over back. Just a little brush shown. Medium length. Not rat tailed.

COAT
Hair hard, medium length, of good hound-type for protection.

COLOR
The English Coonhound may be redtick, bluetick, tricolor with ticks, white-red, white-black, or white-lemon; any hound with too much black, too much red or any brindle is not acceptable.

HEIGHT AT SHOULDERS
Slightly higher at shoulders than at hips, never lower at shoulders than at hips. Males-22" to 27". Females-21" to 25".

DISQUALIFICATIONS
Unilateral or bilateral cryptochid. Extreme viciousness or shyness.

SCALE OF POINTS
Head 10
Neck 5
Shoulders 10
Chest & Ribs 10
Back & Loins 15
Hindquarters 10
Elbows 5
Legs & Feet 20
Coat & Color 5
Sern 5
General Make-up 5
Total 100

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