American Black & Tan Coonhound


Official U.K.C. Breed Standard
Scenthounds Group
Revised January 1, 1989
©1986 United Kennel Club, Inc.

Balck & Tan

HISTORY
The Black & Tan is one of many tracking breeds that were developed in teh south of the United States. The breed can trace its immediate ancestry to the AmericanFoxhound the the Virginia Foxhound of colonial days, with probably the introduction of some Bloodhound stock. This latter would explain not only the coloration of the Black & Tan, but its tendency toward being larger-boned than other breeds, its long ears, and its famous cold nose.
The American Black & Tan can probably can probably be traced to teh English Foxhounds, and before that to the Tolbot Hounds and St. Hubert hounds of France. These hounds were first broought to England following the Norman invasion in the 11th century. The American Black & Tan was the first coonhound breed to be admitted into registry with U.K.C. When they were first registered in 1900, and for several years after that, they were registered as American Black & Tan Fox and Coonhounds. This standard was framed for the purpose of furnishing sugggestions for breeding to the breeders in their aims toward improving the breed to higher ideals and to try and establish an international breed on this prrticular hound strain of bloodlinges to look alike and to have a universal conformation. It will be noted that this standart has been in existence for more than 60 years, and the hounds that we are following today are the result of the loyal, didicated, hard work of those who have preceded us.

CHARACTERISTICS
Active, fast, bright, kind, confident, courageous, with open trailing and treeing instinct and ability.

HEAD & SKULL
The head is carried well up, is very slightly domed and broad between the ears, never narrow. The muzzle is well-balanced with the other features of the head, medium square, with flews sufficient to give square appearance.
TEETH- The teeth are even, neither over nor undershot.
EYES- Prominent, hound-like, pleading expression. dark brown or black, not lighter than hazel. Eyelids firm and close (no drooping).
NOSE- Nostrils large, open; black in color, never butterfly or pink.
EARS- Set medium low, well attached to head and devoid or erectile power; should reach approximately to end of nose when drawn out. Should hang gracefully, inside part tipping toward muzzle, should not be too pointed at tip; slightly oval, soft and velvety, hanging in a roll when head is raised.

NECK
The neck is not too thick, nor too long, but graceful and strong; minimum of dewlap.

FOREQUARTERS
The shoulders are muscular and sloping; indicating speed and strength.
FORELEGS- The front legs are straight, with smooth forearms, muscular, straight at knees, perfectly in line with upper leg.

BODY
The chest is deep, moderately wide, showing large lung space. The back is short and slightly arched, well-muscled and strong. This is one important part of this breed. A good rule to breed to is the same distance from root of tail to shoulder as height at shoulder. The hips are smooth, round, proportionately wide. The flanks are gracefully arched, and muscular at the loins.

HINDQUARTERS
HIND LEGS- The hind legs are strong and muscular above the hock. Slightly bent at hock and stifle, not cow hocked, free of dewclaws.

FEET
Round, solid, cat foot, well-padded and knuckled, set directly under leg. This is a very important part in this breed.

TAIL
The tail is heavy, strong at root tapering there, rather long with-out brush, carried free, well-up, saber-like.

COAT
Predominantly deep, rich black, with tan trim covering not more than ten to fifteen percent of body. Small pumpkin seeds over eyes. A little white on breast is not a fault, but no white elsewhere.

SIZE & WEIGHT
Slightly more at shoulders than at hips. Males: 23' to 27"; 50 to 75 pounds. Females: 21' to 26"; 40 to 65 pounds. Dogs being shown slightly under weight due to hunting will not be penalized. This is a working breed and should appear as such.

SCALE OF POINTS
Head10
Neck5
Shoulders10
Chest and Ribs10
Back and Loins15
Hindquarters10
Elbows5
Legs and Feet20
Coat and Color5
Stern5
General Make-up5
Total100


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